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特别保存刀剑 新刀最上作 最上大业物

刀铭:肥前国住人源忠吉

刃长:69 cm

先幅:21.5  mm

元幅:32 mm

先重:3.7 mm

元重:7.0 mm

目钉穴:1个

刀工介绍:桥本新左卫门,左贺藩藩工,庆长元年(25岁)时上京,拜埋忠明寿为师,向明寿父子学习锻刀知识。掌握“锻锤刀”这种新锻造手法后,于庆长3年学成回国,移居左贺城下长濑町。元和10年2月18日受领武藏大掾一职,被赐姓藤原,并改“忠吉”为“忠广”,宽永9年8月15日卒,享年61岁。初代忠吉在锻刀切铭时偶有使用“源”姓,后一律使用“藤原”。初期擅长直刃,后期转为华丽的互目乱风格,密实的小板目肌排列,形成肥前刀特有的“小糠肌”。庆长初年其刀铭曾受到禅僧秀岸的指导,从而形成了著名的“秀岸铭”或“山伏铭”,庆长10年后其大多使用“五字忠”的自身风格切铭字体;庆长18年以后多切铭为“肥前国住人忠吉作”,被称为“住人忠吉”;晚年作品则大多使用其受领名“武藏大掾忠广”。庆长5年至宽永9年,在其32年的刀剑铸刀生涯中,技艺精湛,制作了诸多广受好评的刀剑作品,堪称一代大家。

肥前国(ひぜん):日本古代的令制国之一,属西海道,俗称肥州。原为火国(ひのくに,后改肥国ひのくに)一部分。大化改新后(有说持统天皇十年(696)),将肥国分为肥前国、肥后国两国,肥前国的领域大约包含佐贺县及扣除壹岐岛和对马岛后的长崎县。

江户时代(1603年3月24日-1867年11月15日),又称德川时代。庆长八年(1603年)由德川家康在江户(今东京)开创幕府,江户时代开始。至庆应三年(1867年)大政奉还,历时264年。是日本历史上武家统治封建时代的最后一个时期。 江户初期,德川家康建立起严密控制下的政治体制,经过德川秀忠、德川家光两代将军,幕府统治趋于稳定。 政治一安定,经济也随之发展,在德川纲吉时代发展良好,商人与町人盛行元禄文化。 江户中叶,幕府财政陷入困境,之后实行享保改革、宽政改革、天保改革等企图改善,但却未解决根本。 18世纪上半期,资本主义的萌芽产生,新的生产方式的出现,从根本上动摇了幕府统治基础。江户日本对外实行锁国政策,严禁与外国贸易,禁止日本与海外交往,只许同中国、朝鲜、荷兰等国通商,而且只准在长崎一地进行。
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